ANC stands for “Advisory Neighborhood Commission” and is unique to the District of Columbia.
Role of an ANC. Below is the official language according to dc.gov, which you can also find here:
An ANC is a non-partisan, neighborhood body made up of locally elected representatives called Advisory Neighborhood Commissioners. They are a unique feature of the District’s Home Rule Charter.
The Commissioners, who serve two-year terms without pay, are elected at DC Elections in November in even-numbered years (e.g. 2016). The ANCs were established to bring government closer to the people, and to bring the people closer to government.
In addition to providing people with a greater say in the matters that affect their neighborhoods, ANCs were intended to end the duplication of effort caused by the proliferation of special advisory groups.
There are now 40 ANCs, up from 37 prior to the 2012 redistricting. Each ANC area is subdivided into a number of smaller areas. Since only one Commissioner is elected per district, they are called Single Member Districts (SMDs). (The Wards on the D. C. Council are also “single member districts.”) Each SMD consists of about 2,000 people. Although the SMDs should have equal populations, ANCs may vary widely in size. The biggest ANCs have 12 SMDs. The smallest has just 2. As a result of the population growth shown in the 2010 census, the number of SMDs has increased from 286 to 296.
The ANCs’ main job is to be their neighborhood’s official voice in advising the District government (and Federal agencies) on things that affect their neighborhoods. Although they are not required to follow the ANCs’ advice, District agencies are required to give the ANCs’ recommendations “great weight.” Moreover, District law says that agencies cannot take any action that will significantly affect a neighborhood unless they give the affected ANCs 30 days advance notice. This includes zoning, streets, recreation, education, social services, sanitation, planning, safety, budget, and health services.
The ANCs may also initiate recommendations for improving city services, conduct neighborhood improvement programs, and monitor resident complaints The ANCs began operating in 1976.
Legislation creating and governing ANCs. § 1–309.10. Advisory Neighborhood Commissions — Duties and responsibilities; notice; great weight; access to documents; reports; contributions can be found here.
Redistricting. With the recent release of the 2020 Census, the DC Council subcommittee on redistricting will make recommendations based on census data to the “full Council on redrawing ward boundaries to ensure balanced ward populations and representation in the legislature. The subcommittee, along with ward-specific task forces, will also make recommendations on redrawing [ANC] boundaries to meet similar balancing and fair representation goals” (for more info see: https://www.elissasilverman.com/redistricting).
What do ANCs do? Here are a few personal views of what ANCs do written by a former commissioner, Chander Jayaraman, and posted on April 6, 2020, which you can find here; another one written by a former commissioner, Justin Lini, and published by Greater Greater Washington on September 20, 2016 found here; and an article highlighting former commissioner, Taylor Berlin, published by American University on July 31, 2018 here.
Archive: The November 2020 Election
Here is what to expect which is taken from dc.gov here:
The deadline for candidates to put their names on the November 3, 2020 General Election ballot has past.
Candidates who submitted their names by the August 5, 2020 deadline are listed here.
Winners of the November election will take office on January 2, 2021.